The Structure of Spoken and Printed Words

Phonemes
The speech sounds that are used to distinguish one word from another in a particular language.
Vowels
These sounds are made when the air leaving your lungs is vibrated in the larynx but then has a clear passage from the larynx to outside your mouth.
Consonants
These speech sounds are made when the airflow is obstructed in some way in your mouth.
Syllables
Is the basic phonological unit of speech.
Onset
Is the initial consonant or consonants.
Rime
Is the vowel and any consonants that follow it.
Phonograms
They are rimes that share the same spellings.
Word Families
Have endings with common rimes.
Morphemes
These are the smallest meaning units into which a word can be divided.
Affixes
These are morphemes that cannot stand alone to form words.
Prefixes
Is placed before a root to form a word with a meaning different from that of the root.
Suffix
Is placed after a root to form a word with a different meaning or a different grammatical function.

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