texes study terms

classical allusion

 

An indirect although not accidental reference to a Greek or Roman legend. This form of writing is often used in poetry. It is used repeatedly in Romeo and Juliet as well.
Petrarch
was an Italian scholar, poet, and one of the earliest Renaissance humanists. Petrarch is credited with perfecting the sonnet, making it one of the most popular art forms to date.
chivalric romance
the principal kind of romance found in medieval Europe from the 12th century onwards, describing (usually in verse) the adventures of legendary knights, and celebrating an idealized code of civilized behaviour that combines loyalty, honour, and courtly love .
gothic novel
a literary style popular during the end of the 18th century and the beginning of the 19th. This style usually portrayed fantastic tales dealing with horror, despair, the grotesque and other “dark” subjects. Gothic literature was named for the apparent influence of the dark gothic architecture of the period on the genre. Also, many of these Gothic tales took places in such “gothic” surroundings, sometimes a dark and stormy castle as shown in Mary Wollstoncraft Shelly’s Frankenstein, or Bram Stoker’s infamous Dracula. dominated by Ann Radcliffe
sentimental comedy
a dramatic genre of the 18th century, denoting plays in which middle-class protagonists triumphantly overcome a series of moral trials. Such comedy

aimed at producing tears rather than laughter. Sentimental comedies reflected contemporary philosophical conceptions of humans as inherently good but capable of being led astray through bad example.

picaresque novel
usually a first-person narrative, relating the adventures of a rogue or low-born adventurer (Spanish picaro) as he drifts from place to place and from one social milieu to another in his effort to survive. In its episodic structure the picaresque novel resembles the long, rambling romances of medieval chivalry, to which it provided the first realistic counterpart. Unlike the idealistic knight-errant hero, however, the picaro is a cynical and amoral rascal who, if given half a chance
tone
writer’s attitude toward the work
mood
the feeling the reader gets
figurative language
is a word or phrase that departs from everyday literal language for the sake of comparison, emphasis, clarity, or freshness. Metaphor and simile are the two most commonly used figures of speech, but things like hyperbole, synecdoche, puns, and personification are also figures of speech.
syllabication
the act, process, or method of forming or dividing words into syllables
literary criticism
analysis of literary works
meter
The measured arrangement of words in poetry, as by accentual rhythm, syllabic quantity, or the number of syllables in a line.
narrative structure
structural framework that underlies the order and manner in which a narrative is presented to a reader, listener, or viewer.non-linear narrative is one that does not proceed in a straight-line, step-by-step fashion, such as where an author creates a story’s ending before the middle is finished. Linear is the opposite, when narrative runs smoothly in a straight line, when it is not broken up.
literary allusion
a reference in a literary work to a person, place, or thing in history or another work of literature. Allusions are often indirect or brief references to well-known characters or events.
onomatopoeia
1 : the naming of a thing or action by a vocal imitation of the sound associated with it (as buzz, hiss)
protagonist
the principal character in a literary work (as a drama or story) b: a leading actor, character, or participant in a literary work or real event
denotation
what words mean according to their dictionary definition
connotation
the shared of communal overtones and associations they carry in addition to their dictionary meanings
allegory
objects, persons, and actions which are themselves on the literal level as well as a meaning outside of the story which can seem to be more important than the actual story
symbol
It can be an object, character or action and its characteristics are usually related to the characteristics of the abstraction it represents
satire
“a work, or manner within a work, that combines a critical attitude with humor and wit with the intent of improving human institutions or humanity (1516). In Los Vendidos there are many things being satirized which one might usually choose to ignore. A few of those things are racial stereotypes, tokenism, government officials, car salesman and many more.
imagery
used in literature to refer to descriptive language that evokes sensory experience
sonnet
A fourteen-line poem, usually composed in iambic pentameter, employing one of several rhyme schemes. There are three major types of sonnets, upon which all other variations of the form are based: the “Petrarchan” or “Italian” sonnet, the “Shakespearean” or “English” sonnet, and the “Spenserian” sonnet.
iambic pentameter
an unrhymed line of five feet in which the dominant accent usually falls on the second syllable of each foot (di dum), a pattern known as an iamb. The form is very flexible: it is possible to have one or more feet in which the expected order of accent is reversed (dum di). These are called trochees.

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