TEXES (4-8 PPR)

What are the 5 most proficiencies a teacher should keep in mind?
-student-centered instruction
-child’s developmental level
-responds to diverse groups of learners
-professional and interpersonal communication skills
-teacher as reflective professional
what is the highest level of Bloom’s taxonomy?
evaluation
What level is appropriate for restricted essay items?
Anything lower than application
-because they do not have free range on the topic, they are restricted
What are the levels of Bloom’s taxonomy?
-Knowledge
-Comprehension
-Application
-Analysis
-Synthesis
-Evaluation
What are the higher levels of thinking in Bloom’s taxonomy?
Analysis, Synthesis, Evaluation
What do students do at the knowledge level of Bloom’s taxonomy?
recalls or recognizes information
-define, list, identify, describe, match, locate
What do students do at the Comprehension level of bloom’s taxonomy?
translates, comprehends or interprets information based on prior learning
-explain, summarize, interpret, rewrite, convert, give example
What do students do at the application level of Bloom’s taxonomy?
selects, transfers, and uses data/principles to complete a problem that mirrors real-life
-demonstrate, show, operate, construct, apply
What do students do at the analysis level of Bloom’s taxonomy?
-aware of process and can examine, classify, hypothesize, and draw conclusions
-compare, contrast, distinguish, deduct, infer, analyze, categorize
What do students do at the synthesis level of Bloom’s taxonomy?
integrate and combine ideas into a product that is unique to the student
-create, suppose, design, compose, combine, rearrange
What do students do at the evaluation level of Bloom’s taxonomy?
appraise, assess, or evaluate on basis of standards or criteria (does not include opinion)
-judge, appraise, debate, criticize, support
What does SBEC stand for?
State Board for Educator Certification
What does BICS stand for?
Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills
What do the following acronyms stand for?
BRI
CSI
EOC
DEIC
HLS
BRI = Basic Reading Inventory
CSI = Cognitive Skills Inventory
EOC = End of Course (exams)
DEIC = District Educational Improvement Committee
HLS = Home Language Survey
What do the following acronyms stand for?
ACT
AP
ESC
IRI
PDAS
RPTE
ACT = American College Testing (Program)
AP = Advanced Placement
ESC = Educational Service Center
IRI = Informal Reading Inventory
PDAS = Professional Development and Appraisal System
RPTE = Reading Proficiency Tests in English
What do the following acronyms stand for?
SAT
SBOE
SDAA
VIPS
SAT = Scholastic Aptitude Test
SBOE = State Board of Education
SDAA = State Developed Alternative Assessment
VIPS = Volunteers in Public Schools
What are some “good practices” teachers should follow (what to keep in mind when answering questions on the exam)?
-challenging and active instruction
-effective communication
-learner-centered instructional strategies/activities
-collaboration
-professionalism
-effective Monitoring and assessment
What are some responses that represent “poor practices”?
-harsh, negative feedback
-teaching topics in isolation
-drill and practice
-testing just for grades
-teaching by telling
-coercion, sarcasm, ridicule
-low-level objectives
-inconsistency, unfairness, unequal treatment
-yes or no questions
-leave out reluctant or problem students
-worksheets, timelines (facts and dates)
-all students seen as the same (differences ignored)
-memorization emphasized
What are some good practices relating to “Challenging and Active Instruction”?
-active, student-centered learning
-inquiry learning
-students justify their thinking
-teachers in various roles
-creative thinking (synthesis)
-higher order and critical thinking skills (apply, analyze, synthesize, problem solve, evaluate)
-hands-on, concrete activities
-open ended questions and problem solving projects
-student collection and organization of data
What are some good practices relating to “Effective Communication”?
-teachers are effective listeners
-teachers have effective verbal/nonverbal communication
-technology as instructional tool
-use of questioning to challenge students
What are some good practices relating to “Learner-centered instructional strategies/activities”?
-variety of instruction
-developmentally appropriate
-related to interests and abilities of students
-teachers responsive to student input
-safe, positive, supportive classroom
-multicultural and equal, cross-cultural
-connecting to other subject matter and real world
-based on prior knowledge
-fits different learning styles
What are some good practices relating to “Collaboration”?
-environments encourage social interaction
-active engagement in learning
-self motivation
-collaborative learning
-supportive interaction in classroom
What are some good practices relating to “Professionalism”?
-teachers follow standards (ethical, legal, and professional)
-works with parents and community
-teacher self-reflection
-knowledgeable of recent developments and issues
-collaborate with colleges and other professionals
-lifelong learners (seek professional development)
What are some good practices relating to “Effective Classroom Management”?
-safe and orderly environment
-teachers are courteous and respectful
-maximized academic learning time
-encourage self-discipline and self-management
What are some good practices relating to “Effective Monitoring and Assessment”?
-assessment aligned with instruction
-provides opportunities for relearning and reassessment
-student self-assessment
-responsive to student’s varied needs
-on-going process
-provide specific, constructive, timely feedback
What are Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development?
-Sensorimotor (0 to 2 years)
-Preoperational (2 to 7 years)
-Concrete Operational (7 to 11 years)
-Formal Operational (11 years to adulthood)
According to Piaget, what stage of cognitive development are 0 to 2 year olds in?
Sensorimotor
According to Piaget, what stage of cognitive development are 2 to 7 year olds in?
Preoperational
According to Piaget, what stage of cognitive development are 7 to 11 year olds in?
Concrete Operational
According to Piaget, what stage of cognitive development are ages 11 to adults in?
Formal Operational
What are some characteristics of the “Sensorimotor” stage of Piaget’s theory of Cognitive Development?
-reflex responses
-repeats actions
-imitates behaviors
-emerging cause and effect
-symbolic representation
What are some characteristics of the “Preoperational” stage of Piaget’s theory of Cognitive Development?
-egocentric thinking
-emerging sophisticated language
-imagination
-simple mental operations
-choices and decisions
What are some characteristics of the “Concrete Operational” stage of Piaget’s theory of Cognitive Development?
-solves concrete problems
-thought is reversible
-simple logic
-thinking based on prior abilities
What are some characteristics of the “Formal Operational thinking” stage of Piaget’s theory of Cognitive Development?
-abstract thinking
-forms and tests hypotheses
-deductive reasoning
-employs logic
-can think from other perceptions
What are some things teachers should do with students who are in the “Sensorimotor” stage of Piaget’s theory of Cog. Dev.?
-stimulate senses
-provide familiar toys/blankets/clothing
-encourage imitation
-positive verbal interaction
-verbal labels for objects and events
-imitative play
-develop motor skills
What are some things teachers should do with students who are in the “Preoperational” stage of Piaget’s theory of Cog. Dev.?
-props and toys for play and experimentation
-raw materials (crayons, paper, pates, etc)
-musical instruments
-choice and decision opportunities
-meaningful conversations
-encourage new experiences
What are some things teachers should do with students who are in the “Concrete Operational” stage of Piaget’s theory of Cog. Dev.?
-can pursue areas of interests
-encourage exploration
-involvement in school and other activities
-meangingful dialogue using questions to expand understandings
What are some things teachers should do with students who are in the “Formal Operational” stage of Piaget’s theory of Cog. Dev.?
-challenge with hypothetical problems
-discuss ethical issues
-personal responsibility
-decision making and problem solving
-encourage social and educational interactions
What is Pedagogy and does it change with grade levels?
Methods of teaching
-similar through all grade levels
-only concepts and cognitive levels change
“Approach, principle, strategy” in question stem usually indicates the answer is…
a general pedagogical practice
-not specific to scenario (broader)
-other choices may be reasonable, but are specific to scenario
What must you consider when answering a question about a scenario?
age, background, subject, grade level of students
-only the information provided
-IDEAL WORLD not reality
What is the first step in planning?
analyze
What are some conditions in the “Ideal World”?
-money/resources not a problem
-teacher has infinite amount of time
-teacher always with student
-plenty of personnel
-students are motivated
-everyone collaborates
What is the most important consideration for students and teachers with regard to student’s use of the internet as a research tool?
Much of the information on the Internet has not been reviewed and verified by experts in relevant fields

-name of website, search engine results, and up to date information are not the MOST important things

A teacher learns that a student with multiple disabilities will be entering her classroom. Jerome will have a full-time aide assigned to work with him in the classroom.

In working with Jerome, a primary responsibility of the classroom teacher will be to provide him with instruction that:

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…promotes his progress in achieving the same goals specified in his IEP

-not just daily skills
-not achieving same level as peers
-not participation in whole class

A teacher learns that a student with multiple disabilities will be entering her classroom. Jerome will have a full-time aide assigned to work with him in the classroom.

Teacher is considering strategies to ensure a positive climate for Jerome after his arrival in the classroom. Which teacher strategy is most likely to help achieve this goal?

Exhibit attitudes and behaviors that model acceptance of Jerome as a valued member of the class.

-modeling is a broad concept
-don’t assign helpers (already has one, and you only want willing helpers)
-don’t set guidelines for interactions in different situations
-don’t have question and answer session about disability

A teacher learns that a student with multiple disabilities will be entering her classroom. Jerome will have a full-time aide assigned to work with him in the classroom.

To work effectively with Jerome’s aide, the teacher should recognize that the primary role of an aide in this situation should be to:

Facilitate the student’s ability to participate in and benefit from instruction planned by teacher

-aides do not do the planning and implementation, that is teacher’s job
-not an equal partner, the teacher is in charge
-not design alternative activities, teacher does this

What are some views that Texas has about good education practices (paradigms)?
-consider developmental stages
-model appropriate responses and behaviors (can include peer modeling)
-cooperative learning in groups (group learning)
-student-centered instruction/learning
-multicultural instruction (not just surface inclusion)
-multiple resources (people and tech)
-high expectations for all students
-student choice for learning/motivation/rules
-real life experiences/application
-authentic assessment with rubric
-problem solving
-teacher stays with (beside) the student
-what is best for student, not for teacher
-teacher and student are constantly actively engaged (monitoring and participating)
What are some practices that do NOT fit the Texas view (bad paradigms)?
-easy/lazy for teacher
-sitting at desk/computer
-leaving the job to someone else
-upset parents, other teachers, school admin
-don’t “confront” parents
-don’t try to “fix” parents or offer advice(they are equal partners with teacher)
-lowering standards
-worksheets, lists
-having students do less than other students
-encouraging students to avoid difficult tasks
-grades as motivators
-extrinsic rewards
-same strategy for all students
-competition in classroom
-punishing/humiliation
-excluding students with disability
-non-specific feedback
-ONLY low level objectives
-yes/no questions only
-only memorization
-ability groups (tracking)
What is a “lesson cycle”?
What is expected to be seen at each stage of the lesson
Calling a students parents after the first day to introduce themselves is beneficial why?
when teachers have a good relationship with parents, students benefit
What are some benefits of cooperative learning?
-teaches an understanding of diversity
-improve social skills
What best describes Mr. Freeman’s plan for reviewing student writing assignments, conferencing with each student, and helping each student set specific goals for writing to be accomplished during the next grading period?
Formative assessment
Summative evaluation and summative assessment are used for what?
to put a final grade/critque on an activity/assignment with no real link to the future
What happens in the brain when earlier learning is repeated?
neural pathways become more efficient through mylination
Mind-mapping is an example of what studying method?
Graphic organizer
How can you reduce student stress in your classroom?
have a well-organized classroom with established behavior expectations
Should 5th graders be put in small groups?
Yes, they do have the phys/mental maturity to work in small groups
How should a teacher get shy students to become involved in class discussions?
use small groups, they are more likely to feel comfortable if it is not an all-class discussion
What should a teacher do if they have overly talkative students in their class?
assign a leadership role such as taking notes on board of everyones answers
-gets them to listen to others opinions
-dont ignore them
Having students tutor/mentor students in lower grades does what?
-develop own proficiency
-develop self-esteem
If you explain something new, and students ask questions requiring lengthy answers, what is generally the problem?
-the original explanation was faulty
-take into account prior knowledge and backgrounds of each student while planning explanation
“horizontal learning to plan instruction” means what?
working with other teachers at the same grade level
What affect can frequent changes in the classroom have?
-can create atmosphere of mistrust and uneasiness
-does not heighten their alertness
What effect do grouping patterns have on students preceptions of self-esteem and confidence?
dont keep them in the same groups all the time, and dont group same ability only
What are the components of an enriched classroom?
-activities that include problem-solving, critical thinking, relevant projects, and complex activities
-appropriate and timely feedback
How do you ensure cooperative activities are successful?
-need to be timed and monitored
-need close facilitation
-time management is important
What is the best way to prepare students for a discussion following a direct-teach?
Giving them time to process the information, discuss with a neighbor, and then the teacher ask open ended questions to stimulate discussion
Are schools exempt from copyright laws?
No
-have to obtain license to copy software
-heavy finds and sets a bad example to students
Are schools exempt from copyright laws?
No
-have to obtain license to copy software
-heavy finds and sets a bad example to students
What is the difference between a performance assessment and a authentic assessments?
authentic is application of a skill within a real-life situation (presenting the knowledge, not the “how to”)
-performance assessment has students demonstrate their abilities to perform tasks in a testing situation
Having students develop their own units to teach to the class is using what teaching theory?
constructivism
-people construct their own knowledge
What is STAD?
Student Teams Achievement Division
-places heterogenously grouped students in team to study material together
-they then compete against members of other teams that are close in ability
What is TGT?
Teams Games Tournaments
-cooperative group activity in which groups compete with other groups on master of same material
What is Jigsaw?
organizational arrangement
-students in cooperative groups
-each student becomes an expert on one facet of a unit of study
-then switches group to reteach material until everyone knows all facets
About what grade to children begin to move from concrete to abstract thinking?
5th grade
Does teaching about different religions violate the seperation of church and state?
No
-as long as converting, prayer, and worship is not included
Interpersonal concordance is a stage in what theory?
stage of moral development described by Lawrence Kohlberg
Do boys or girls usually reach maturity milestones during puberty first?
Girls (on average)
-may cause embarrassment, discomfort
What is the difference between “imaginary audience” and “personal fable”?
imaginary audience:
-child believes others are watching and interested in everything they do
-sensitive to social interactions

personal fable:
-belief that “my life is different from everyone else’s”
-feel like no one can understand them
-feeling of isolation
-risky behavior

What is Cognition?
processes where knowledge is aquired
-basic to advanced
Imaginary audience and personal fables are related to what stage of Piaget?
cognitive stage of formal operations
-ability to think about one’s self as an object of one’s own and other’s thoughts
What is the difference between assimilation and accomodation?
accommodation:
-adjusting prior knowledge

assimilation:
-fitting new info with prior knowledge

How many stages of cognitive development did Piaget describe?
4

-sensorimotor (0-2)
-preoperational (2-7)
-concrete operations (7-11)
-formal operations (11-15)

At what (Piaget) stage do children begin to “decenter” and take in viewpoints besides their own?
concrete operations
According to Erikson’s theory, what should secondary school teachers keep in mind?
students have pressing psychological and social needs, as well as cognitive needs
-higher ordered thinking activities
At what stage of Piaget’s theory can student’s catogorize items?
concrete operational
What are the different types of learning styles?
auditory, visual, kinesthetic, tactile
What are the levels in Bloom’s REVISED taxonomy of educational objectives?
remembering -(knowledge)
understanding
applying – (application)
analyzing
evaluating
creating -(synthesis)
What is outcome oriented learning?
teachers define outcomes (what students should know) and plan instruction to achieve those outcomes
What is the Buckley Amendment?
The Family Educational Right to Privacy Act
-specifies conditions under which student information can/cannot be dispersed
-no idle chatter in lounge or elsewhere about confidential information
What are the 5 principles in the Code of Standard Practices in the Code of Ethics?
1. Professional ethical conduct
2. professional practices and performance
3. ethical conduct towards professional colleagues
4. ethical conduct towards students
5. ethical conduct towards parents and community
What does NEA stand for and emphasize?
National Education Association
-educators belief in the worth and dignity of each individual
1. commitment to student
2. commitment to the profession
What is Vertical teaming?
planning with teachers from various grade levels to enhance continuity as students move between grades
What is horizontal teaming?
planning with teachers in same grade level/subject area to ensure consistency
What does a program of emergent literacy include?
pattern books and journal writing
-teaching children to read at at level
What is the most reliable way a teacher can determine a student’s learning style?
observe over period of time
-make informal notes about habits and choices about work

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