summer work vocab

Allusion
An expression designed to call something to mind without mentioning it explicitly; an indirect or passing reference
Alliteration
The occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words.
Antagonist
A person who actively opposes or is hostile to someone or something; an adversary.
Atmosphere
The envelope of gases surrounding the earth or another planet
Assonance
In poetry, the repetition of the sound of a vowel or diphthong in nonrhyming stressed syllables
Ballad
A poem or song narrating a story in short stanzas
Black verse
Verse without rhyme
Climax
The most intense, exciting, or important point of something
Conflict
A serious disagreement or argument, typically a protracted one
Couplet
Two lines of verse, usually in the same meter and joined by rhyme, forming a unit
Denouement
The final part of a play, movie, or narrative in which the strands of the plot are drawn together and matters are resolved.
Dialect
A particular form of a language that is peculiar to a specific region or social group
Dialogue
Take part in a conversation or discussion to resolve a problem.
Dynamic character
A character is the representation of a person in a narrative or dramatic work of art
Exposition
A comprehensive description and explanation of an idea or theory.
Fable
A short story, typically with animals as characters, conveying a moral.
Flat character
A character is the representation of a person in a narrative or dramatic work of art
Foot
The lower extremity of the leg below the ankle, on which a person stands or walks
Foreshadowing
Be a warning or indication of (a future event).
Free Verse
Poetry that does not rhyme or have a regular meter
Genre
A category of artistic composition, as in music or literature, characterized by similarities in form, style, or subject matter
Hero
A person, typically a man, who is admired for courage or noble qualities
Heroine
A woman admired or idealized for her courage or noble qualities
Hyperbole
Exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally
Iamb-
A metrical foot consisting of one short (or unstressed) syllable followed by one long (or stressed) syllable
Irony
The expression of one’s meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous or emphatic effect.
Lyric Poem
a short poem of songlike quality
Metaphor
A figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable.
Meter
Measure by a meter
Onomatopoeia
The formation of a word from a sound associated with what is named
Oxymoron
A figure of speech in which apparently contradictory terms appear in conjunction
Pentameter
A line of verse consisting of five metrical feet
Personification
The attribution of a personal nature or human characteristics to something nonhuman
Plot
A plan made in secret by a group of people to do something illegal or harmful.
point of view
A particular attitude or way of considering a matter
Protagonist
The leading character or a major character in a drama, movie, novel, or other fictional text.
Rhyme
Correspondence of sound between words or the endings of words
Rhyme scheme
The ordered pattern of rhymes
Rhythm
A strong, regular, repeated pattern of movement or sound.
round character
A character is the representation of a person in a narrative or dramatic work of art
Setting
The place or type of surroundings where something is positioned or where an event takes place
Static Charater
A character is the representation of a person in a narrative or dramatic work of art
absolution
Formal release from guilt, obligation, or punishment
alacrity
Brisk and cheerful readiness.
antaganism
Active hostility or opposition.
antecedent
A thing or event that existed before or logically precedes another
Antithesis
A person or thing that is the direct opposite of someone or something else.
arbiter
A person who settles a dispute or has ultimate authority in a matter.
archetypal
Adjective: Very typical of a certain kind of person or thing
cacophony
A harsh, discordant mixture of sounds
capitulate
Cease to resist an opponent or an unwelcome demand; surrender.
clairvoyant
A person who claims to have a supernatural ability to perceive events in the future or beyond normal sensory contact.
collusion
Secret or illegal cooperation or conspiracy, esp. in order to cheat or deceive others.
confluence
The junction of two rivers, esp. rivers of approximately equal width.
convergence
The process or state of converging.
credulity
A tendency to be too ready to believe that something is real or true
dissonance
Lack of harmony among musical notes
equivocal
Open to more than one interpretation
etymology
The study of the origin of words and the way in which their meanings have changed throughout history.
exculpate
Show or declare that (someone) is not guilty of wrongdoing.
expurgate
Remove matter thought to be objectionable or unsuitable from (a book or account)
hapless
Unfortunate
ignominious
Deserving or causing public disgrace or shame
incarnate
Embodied in flesh; in human form
indigenous
Originating or occurring naturally in a particular place; native
Intransigent
Unwilling or refusing to change one’s views or to agree about something
inviolable
Never to be broken, infringed, or dishonored
mitigate
Make less severe, serious, or painful
obdurate
Stubbornly refusing to change one’s opinion or course of action
obsequious
Obedient or attentive to an excessive or servile degree.
Orator
A public speaker, esp. one who is eloquent or skilled
perfidious
Deceitful and untrustworthy
plausible
Seeming reasonable or probable.
preclude
Prevent from happening; make impossible
rectitude
Morally correct behavior or thinking; righteousness
reverance
Elaborate curtsey; small dance used to end ballet class.
subjugate
Bring under domination or control
transgress
Infringe or go beyond the bounds of (a moral principle or other established standard of behavior):
veracity
Conformity to facts; accuracy
wistful
Having or showing a feeling of vague or regretful longing

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