Nuclear power has developed into a mature and commercial reality with its part of success and threats. Although nuclear power can be used to generate electricity in an environment friendly manner, it is a subject of controversies owing to the threats related to it. Nuclear power has positive as well as negative impacts on people, society and environment. Positive Impacts on People The potential of nuclear power has been recognized by people. It is capable of providing unlimited and easily accessible energy.
Due to the depletion in reserves of fossil fuels, costs of fuels and power is increasing at a fast pace which is directly affecting the people. Besides, the use of fossil fuels results in production of harmful oxides of carbon and nitrogen which have an adverse effect on the health of humans causing diseases like asthma, cancer, etc. Use of nuclear power does not produce these harmful gases which will thus reduce health problems of people. Also nuclear power is more economical than other sources like oil, coal, etc. Usage of nuclear power will help people to be independent in terms of energy and thus progress.
France is comfortable using nuclear power for domestic as well as industrial purposes since it does not want to depend on other nations for its fuel supply and it is cheapest source of energy. Positive Impacts on Organization The nuclear power can be used for electrification, industrial uses and heating purpose. Any organization can use nuclear power which is economic and more reliable than other energy sources. Also it is free of green house gases and thus helps an organization in meeting set standards regarding gas emissions with ease.
Thus it results in enhanced productivity and economic growth. Positive Impacts on Society Use of nuclear power can benefit the society in a number of ways. It will increase chances of employment for the youth. It will also help in maintaining ecological balance which has been disturbed owing to relentless use of fossil fuels. It will also help in supply of uninterrupted electricity to far flung areas at minimum rates. Positive Impacts on Environment Environmental concern is one of the main factors in the favour of usage of nuclear power (Lee et. l. , 2007). The use of nuclear power can lead to reduction in levels of green house gases and thus help in tackling threats like global warming and acid rain. It is source of clean power with minimum wastes. It will help in maintaining ecological balance. Negative Impacts on People The people are still hesitant regarding the use of nuclear power since hazards of nuclear power are intolerable (Fischer, S. T. , 1983). The most important concern is the health problems due to radiation hazard to the population in the vicinity of the plant.
Besides, operational safety, waste disposal, proliferation and sabotage are other issues of concern and disadvantageous to people (Toth & Rogner, 2006). Negative Impacts on Organization Though the nuclear power is cheap, environment friendly and reliable, the disadvantages like price volatility, security of supply, geopolitical sensitivity, operational safety and public acceptance are related to it. Negative Impacts on Society Nuclear power has become a focus for opposition to advanced technology and has resulted in imposition of extra costs on society.
The excavation of uranium can lead to adverse impacts on surroundings and hence ecology. If harmful radiations are released due to an accident or sabotage, it can have adverse effects on people, plant and animals alike. Land prices in the vicinity of nuclear power plants are also falling rapidly. Negative Impacts on Environment Nuclear power can have negative impacts on environment since uranium extraction can devastate surrounding environment. Also the excavation waste is radioactive in nature which can cause contamination of ground water and soil.
The hot water released from power stations can affect marine life and cause thermal pollution. Besides, if a leakage of radiation occurs, it can affect environment and ecology beyond imagination. References: Fischer, S. T. (1983). The hazards of nuclear power generation—The case for survival. Long Range Planning, 16, 1,77-83, Elsevier Science Ltd. Lee, T. J, Lee, K. H & Oh, Keun-Bae. (2007). Strategic environments for nuclear energy innovation in the next half century, 49,5, 397-408, Elsevier Science Ltd. Toth, F. L. & Rogner, H. (2006). Oil and nuclear power: Past, present, and future. Energy Economics, 28, 1, 1-25, Elsevier Science Ltd.