Levels of Prevention According to Thomson and Wadsworth (2005), three levels of prevention measures may be corrective, punitive, or mechanical. Each prevention measure encountered can help hinder juveniles from becoming delinquent and help him or her revert to an abundant life. (p. 446). Primary prevention leads to a wide range of acting conditions in a juvenile’s social and physical state at a specific time in his life, and mechanical and corrective prevention is acceptable on this level.
According to Thomson and Wadsworth (2005), primary prevention for status offenders is a resource within one’s community, and a differentiation between he who has committed a crime and he who has not. (p. 447). In addition, through risk factors, one is susceptible to engage in criminal activities (hazards, characteristics, and sociability). An example of primary prevention is after-school mentoring, such as youth foundations (Thomson and Wadsworth, 2005).
According to Thomson and Wadsworth (2005), secondary prevention searches early intervention and identifies a juvenile’s life that may cause him to engage in status offenses, such as running away, smoking, skipping school, or staying out past curfew. (p. 446-448). Punitive prevention helps a juvenile at great risk of by preventing delinquency acts from happening with the threat of consequences, such as punishment to prevent future status offenses (Thomson and Wadsworth, 2005, p. 448). Programs of this magnitude would improve and focus on an individual’s behavioral and cognitive skills.
Hence, attempt to modify a high-risk status offender. According to Thomson and Wadsworth (2005), tertiary prevention’s goal is to prevent recidivism. Therefore, the basis would be hindering additional delinquent acts by a juvenile already established as delinquent. (p. 446-448). Thomson and Wadsworth (2005), states, “One of the most powerful prevention efforts, frequently, overlooked is to reduce the incidence of child abuse and neglect”. (p. 448, para. 4). The focus is to educate juveniles with alternative ways other than violence and gangs.
For example, a juvenile who engages in drug use, truancy, and running away will have consequences for his actions; juvenile detention center with locks on doors, security, alarms, and other various forms of protection identified as mechanical prevention (Thomson and Wadsworth, 2005). References Axia College of University of Phoenix. (2005). Chapter 13: Approaches to Juvenile Crime Prevention. Retrieved August 5, 2008, from Axia College, Week Four AXcess, ADJ225- Juvenile Justice Procedures