Effects of Pollution on Historical Monuments

For many historians the effect of pollution on historical sites is a daily battle. Acid rain and smog eat into marble causing small holes in the stone. The Acropolis in Greece is one of main sites that is having this problem. All over the world buildings and historical sites are having problems with pollution and the growth of cities near the site. The Spins is crumbling and through the centuries various repairs have been done to it, but that has only aided the damage from smog and traffic. The Roman Coliseum sits in the middle of a traffic circle in Rome.

Repairs have been ongoing on the Coliseum and several sections have been rebuilt. In the united States civil war battle sites fight the growth of cities and malls. In some sites a malls form a boundary to the battle site. Natural forces also take their toll on historical sites. Mat. Rushmore is worked on because the granite cracks due to the snow, heat, rain, and pollution. Our national parks are dying because the trees are dying from drought, pollution, and insects. Once all of these things are gone they can not be replaced and hundreds if not thousands are in trouble because of elution.

What are the effects of air pollution on historical moon aments? The main effect is the stone decay, which cam be divided into specific types of degradations: – black crust ( the black layer on the surface of the stone) that can cause chemical reactions that lead to the stone differentiating – salt efflorescence that can also induce a certain strength inside the stone, causing the stone to defragmenter……… . An so on… You can find a lot more information in some related papers on the World Wide Web.

Following are the effects of air pollution on people . Bad health condition. 2. Destruction of the environment. Air pollution effect aquatics in following ways: Water is 2 parts oxygen, but not every gas that seeps into water is oxygen. Fish and other underwater animals use their gills to get the oxygen-mixture out of the water so, if the air was polluted, then the fish would get poisoned and all other kinds of pleasant things. Air pollution effect environment in following ways: Air pollution can affect the environment by causing global warming.

Also, in Greece, air pollution is eating away ancient monuments. Pollution’s Impact on Historical Monuments Pollution effects are not confined to the environment. The potential for damage to historical monuments has already been realized. Some damage, such as from wind or rain, is unavoidable. However, pollution contributes additional risk factors that can increase the level of destruction. The effects may be minor, such as a blackening of the surface of monuments due to dust. Other impacts can have permanent consequences.

Significance * Pollution negatively impacts historical monuments and buildings around he world, from the Acropolis in Greece to the America’s own Lincoln Memorial. The threat is in the risk of losing these irreplaceable structures forever. Many of these monuments have cultural and aesthetic value that is beyond price. Acid Rain * One of the more destructive forms of pollution is acid rain. Acid rain occurs when fossil fuel emissions containing sulfur dioxide combine with moisture in the air to form acidic precipitation.

When acid rain falls on historical monuments of limestone or marble, a chemical reaction takes place which has a corrosive effect on these structures. The reaction dissolves the material, leading to permanent damage. Global Warming * According to the National Climatic Data Center, global temperatures have risen during the past century at a rate of 0. 11 degrees Fahrenheit per decade. The concern with historical monuments lies in the temperature impacts on the chemistry. Heat acts as a catalyst, speeding the rate of chemical reactions.

The fate of historical monuments becomes more uncertain, and the urgency to take action increases. Global warming occurs when greenhouse gases such s carbon dioxide trap radiant heat at the earth’s surface, which causes temperatures to rise. Contributing Factors * Other factors contribute to the rate of damage to historical monuments. An increase in humidity provides the necessary environment for corrosive chemical reactions in the absence of rain. Likewise, changes in sun radiation can temporarily raise temperatures on the surface of monuments, mimicking the effects of global warming on a specific site.

Prevention/Solution * Fortunately, the levels of atmospheric sulfur dioxide have declined in cent years, mitigating some effects of pollution on historical monuments. According to the U. S. Environment Protection Agency (EPA), the United States saw more than a 70-percent reduction in these levels from 1 980 to 2008. Other solutions, such as limiting vehicle traffic near historical monuments, may also lessen the impact of pollution. A 1 995 study in the journal “Science of The Total Environment” found that such measures provided an economical as well as a reliable way to curtail pollution on the Arch of Titus in Rome.

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